Pinewood | Wood Type


Pine is a coniferous wood that grows in many places in the Northern Hemisphere. It is one of the most widely used woods in manufacturing and carpentry and is used in many houses worldwide.

Pinewood is popular because of its common wood properties, which are useful in many applications. Let me drive you to the exploration into discovering more about this wood type.

Properties of Pinewood

One of the most popular and well-known softwoods is pine. It is because of several things, including its cost, versatility, and convenience of use. Beyond these factors, Pinewood holds properties that make it stand out among the softwoods family.


The color of the Pinewood depends on where it is in the tree. The color of its sapwood is light yellow. Meanwhile, the wood closest to the tree’s center, known as the heartwood, is reddish.

Read: Sapwood vs. Heartwood

Durability and Resistance

Pinewood has medium strength and durability. Additionally, it has good flexibility, making it a good building material. The strength of a Pinewood differs depending on its type.

On the other hand, pine wood often has no inherent resistance to rot, decay, and insects. Thus, it needs to be pressure-treated to increase its resistance level.


Both hand and power tools are simple to use when working with Pinewood. Hence, there is no need for pre-drilling to attach screws and nails when working. As a result, it helps a large project save a ton of time. Many carpenters claim that changing blades frequently when working on hardwood results in significant time loss.


The chemical substance known as Terpenes is what gives pine its astringent, sweet, and cooling fragrance. Conifer resin is rich in terpenes. When a tree’s bark is harmed, resin leaks, hardens and shields the tree from harm. It protects the tree from potential beetle predators and prevents the formation of fungi.

Grain Structure

All pine is ring-porous and straight-grained, displaying its growth rings as dark bands throughout the wood.

Types of Pinewood

Pinewood originated from the family genus Pinus. The American Conifer Society lists 121 different species of pine trees, making it the largest conifer family. In the Northern Hemisphere, pine trees can be found in temperate areas from Asia to North America. In this section, let us focus on some common Pinewood types.

Southern Yellow Pine

It is sometimes known as longleaf pine. It has the highest density among Pinewood types, with more noticeable brown grain lines and a warmer shade of yellow than eastern white pine.

Eastern White Pine

This Pinewood comes in light yellow with gentle grain lines, generally available in the Eastern and Northern U.S.

Ponderosa Pine

Ponderosa Pine has similar characteristics to eastern white pine, which include color and hardness. Although it is technically a yellow pine, it is softer than most other yellow or hard pine species.

Uses of Pinewood

As you decide to use Pinewood in various applications, you won’t need to worry because you’ll find this softwood useful. Here are some of the common applications of Pinewood.


Pinewood is applicable for projects involving external construction, which includes decks. The Pinewood should be pressure-treated to create one. Also, it should be treated with chemicals like copper and arsenic to prevent insects and slow deterioration. 


Due to its availability and usability, pine has been a mainstay in woodworkers’ workshops for ages. It is a small weight, making it frequently utilized in commercially produced furniture, including couches and beds.

Stick-frame construction

Note that many components of contemporary homes, like window sills and 2x4s, are made of pine.

Timber Framing

Large pine timbers have been used for generations to build churches, barns, and other structures with timber frames.

Other Wood Types You May Be Interested In

The Bottomline

You have reached this part because you found out a lot of insights about pine wood. We cannot wait as you apply your learnings in your next project. Pine wood will be a fine start to find out more about different wood types that are waiting for you to unravel.